Ba-ba-bakara Eid is here! While some of you have already purchased a goat or other animal for sacrifice, a lot of you will be going out goat hunting tonight. We have compiled the list of things you should look for in a goat to make sure you get your hands on a healthy animal that is fit for sacrifice and consumption.
In this article you will learn how to pick a healthy goat that is intended to provide healthy meat. Let’s start with the conformation.
Conformation – Structural Correctness
Conformation is basically the symmetrical management and formation of the parts in a goat. A good goat is a goat which has a very balanced appearance from the level top to bottom lines and from side to straight. In simple words, the goat should look like a heavy block of wood.
The most important part of the conformation is the length of the back. The back part of the goat is called the loin and the loin is extremely important if you are serious about getting a meaty goat. The loin is also the part of the goat meat which is sold the most expensive in different parts of the world. The loin starts starts behind the ribs and runs through the top of the back, both sides of the spine to the rump.
A good loin is a loin that has plenty of width. Don’t settle for a bakra that has a long loin but not wide enough.
Legs – The ideal goat should have legs that are straight when you view it from the back. The legs should also have a muscle structure that comes well down on both pair of legs.
Chest – The perfect goat has a wide chest which is both broad and deep.
Eyes – The eyes of the goats should be bright and its forehead should be broad. Anything other than bright eyes mean the goat could be carrying infections that are contagious.
Mouth – The goat’s lower teeth should perfectly flush with the upper dental pad when it closes its mouth. Use your fingers to lift the outside area of the mouth to see if the lower teeths are perfectly flushing with the dental pad on the top. Any changes in the structure of the teeth means that the goat could be sow mouthed or parrot mouthed. These are both hereditary conditions that you should be avoiding at all costs.
Ears and Nasal – When you have done inspecting these things, make sure you also check if the goats ears and nasal passage is clear. If the goat has any sort of nasal discharge that looks unnatural, or it sneezes or coughs frequently, it could be suffering from upper respiratory infection. So make sure the nasal passage is clear of any discharge.
Other common diseases to look out for
Fungal – The most common fungal disease in a goat is the Ringworm disease. The ringworm can appear anywhere on the goat. It is like a rounded patch of hair surrounded by a very hairless ring. Ringworm is a contagious disease, so be very careful!
Parasitic – Lice infestation is very common in goats. Since there are lice that can suck blood, the goat could suffer from anemia. Check thoroughly to see that there are no visible lice present on the coat of the goat.
Animals With The Conditions That Are Forbidden For Sacrifice
Whether you pick a goat or any other animal for sacrifice, following conditions disqualifies it for sacrifice:
- One eyed
- Lost eyesight
- Lost one third of tail
- Ear has been cut off
- The animal is lame
- The bones do not carry marrow
- No ears by birth
- Broken horns from roots (If horns are not there by birth, then it’s permissible to sacrifice this animal)
- Has no teeth at all
We hope this guide will help you in selecting the perfect and healthy animal. Please do not forget the real purpose of sacrifice this Eid Ul Azha.
The aim of sacrifice, like all other fundamentals of Islam, is to imbibe piety and self righteousness. It also promotes the spirit of sacrifice for a right cause. To explain its purpose, God says in the Quran. ”It is not their meat, nor their blood, that reaches God, It is their piety that reaches God”: (22:37)
May you have a great Eid! Eid Mubarak!